Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Anwar e Quran – Quranic Teachings

Anwar e Quran – Quranic Teachings.

Lesson # 636 From Holy Qur’aan
When ye call to prayer they take it for a jest
‘Al-Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)–Stage – 2
Verse – 58 of 120, Section – 9 of 16 (Part – 6)
In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
And when ye call to prayer they take it for a jest and sport. That is because they are a folk who understand not.
Wa  ‘izaa  naa-daytum  ‘ilas-Salaa-titta-khazuuhaa  huzu-wanw-wa  la-‘ibaa.  Zaalika  bi-‘annahum  qawmul-laa  ya’-qiluun.
It was told in the previous lesson that the Jews and the Christians make a jest and sport of your religion. That has been illustrated in this verse. Allaah Almighty says, “When you call to prayer (Azaan is a summons to prayer), they take it for a jest and sport. It is clear that there is no such a thing in this Call (Azaan), which should be made a jest. There is a declaration about the Greatness and Magnificence of God (Allaah Almighty) in this Call. It has been admitted in it that He is One and Actual Worshipped, and Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) is His Messenger, who is the last Messenger and has brought last “Divine Law of the Religion”, who adjudges that entire previous Messengers and Prophets (peace be upon Them) were true and this last Divine Law is abstract and exact of all Divine Laws of former Messengers (peace be upon Them).
With regard to the morality, He {Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him)} is the Spiritual Guide of the entire good people, supports and corrects the condition of every person, and guides others to do the same between you mutually and does not have any evil wish for anyone. He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) instructs that you should neither involve in any quarrel, nor overpower others for fulfilling of own wishes and nor reap advantage by harming someone else.
There is nothing in the words of summons for prayer (Azaan) but to admit that “God (Allaah Almighty) and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) are Rightful”, and to invite the entire human beings towards the goodness and the virtue. Who can be that person except a stupid and a fool, who makes a jest of such description? These are the matters with which safety and peace can be established in the world and the humankind can arrange his form.
If it is imagined then you will see that there is a proclamation (in Azaan) of peace and safety for the entire human beings, and correct way of their life has been told completely. There is an invitation in the summons of the prayer, “Let’s stand up all collectively in front of One True Worshipped (God, Allaah Almighty) and move on the way explained by His Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). Neither anyone is great nor little. All are equal before Allaah Almighty and only He is the Greatest. Let’s tie our hands, bow humbly standing before Him. Beg from Him earnestly because the devotion is only for Him. Don’t be slaves of your desires.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)  .
The Words of AZAAN-The call towards Salaah –(Prayer)
AZAAN is SUNNAH only for the five incumbent Prayers and for JUMAH (FREDAY Prayer)
AZAAN is not required for any other prayer.
AZAAN means to inform, but in Shar’iah AZAAN means to inform of a particular Prayer in particular wordings.
The Azaan for every incumbent prayer should be called out in its prescribed time.
If it was called before the time then it must be called again at the correct time.
When the time for Prayer comes, the MUAZZIN stands up and calls out aloud these words:
   (Allaahu Akbar. Allaahu Akbar)
Allaah is the greatest of all. Allaah is the greatest of all
Allaah is the greatest of all. Allaah is the greatest of all
   (‘Ash-hadu ‘Al-laaa’- ‘ilaaaha  ‘illAllaahu)
I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah
I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah
   (‘Ash-hadu  ‘Anna  Muhammadar-RasuulUllaahi)
I testify that Muhammad is Allaah’s Messenger
I testify that Muhammad is Allaah’s Messenger
   (Hayya  ‘Alas-Salaaah)
Come for Namaaz
Come for Namaaz
   (Hayya  ‘Alal Falaaah)
Come to success
Come to success
Allaah is the greatest of all. Allaah is the greatest of all
There is none worthy of worship besides Allaah
Turn the FACE right when saying
Turn the FACE left when saying
In the AZAAN of FAJR after  say twice
Namaaz is better than sleep. Namaaz is better than sleep.
and in Fajr Azaan after hearing
one should say  You have spoken the truth and you have done good.
Duaa after Azaan
O Allaah! Lord of this perfect Call and of the Salaat about to be established bestow upon Muhammad the Wasilah (intercession) Grace and lofty rank. Establish him on Maqaame Mahmood which You have promised him. Verily, You do not go against the promise
1.To stand facing the QIBLAH.
2. Not to make haste in saying Azaan.
3. To put both index fingers in the ears.
4. To call Azaan from a high place.
5. To say Azaan in a loud voice.
6. To turn the face right when saying and to the left when saying
7. To say  twice after in the Azaan for Fajr Namaaz.
Saying Azaan without Wudhu is permissible but it is bad to make a habit of it.
Azaan is SUNNAT, but as it reveals a special glory of Islam, much stress is laid on it.
Q. What is Iqaamat?
A. Iqaamat is to repeat the wordings of Azaan at the beginning of FARZ Namaaz.  But in Iqaamat after
say twice
The (jamaat) prayer is ready
In Takbir (Iqaamat) after hearing  one should say
May Allah establish it and keep it forever
Saying Iqaamat without wudhu is MAKROOH.
AZAAN and  IQAAMAT  are SUNNAT for MEN only.
Iqaamat is SUNNAT for FARZ namaaz only. It is not Sunnat for any other namaaz.
Q. If anyone says his Farz Salaat at home, should he say Azaan and Iqaamat?
A. Azaan and Iqaamat in the neighbouring Masjid will be sufficient, but it is better to say them at home also.
Q. Should a traveller say Azaan and Iqaamat during a journey?
A. Yes. Both Azaan and Iqaamat should be said when one is at a lonely place. It won’t matter if one says only Iqaamat and not Azaan. However, it is Makrooh to leave the both.
Q. Is it permissible if one person says the Azaan and another says the lqaamat?
A. If one who said the Azaan is not present or if he is there but does not mind, then another person may say Iqaamat. If the person who said Iqaamat minds, then it is Makrooh for another person to say the Iqaamat.
Q. How much time should be allowed to pass between Azaan and Iqaamat?
A. In all Salaats except Maghrib, one should wait for the Iqaamat till the persons who are eating or are in the toilet can join the Namaaz. In Maghrib Salaat it is advisable that after the Azaan Iqaamat should be said after the lapse of the time equal to the reciting of THREE AAYATS.
Q. What is IJAABAT for Azaan and Iqaamat and what is the order for that?
A. Ijaabat for both Azaan and Iqaamat is MUSTAHAB. Ijaabat means that those hearing should the wordings as the Muazzin or Mukabbir says. However, after hearing  and
one should say
There is no Power and might except from Allaah, The Most High, The Great.
In Fajr, azaan after hearing
one should say
In Takbeer, after hearing
one should say
Adhan and Iqamah
Saying the Azaan holds great benefits and reward as mentioned in the Ahadith.
1) The Prophet of Allah has said, “I went to paradise and saw domes of pearl and its dirt is of musk.” He said, “Oh Gabrial, who is this for?” He replied, “This if for your ummah’s Muazzin (one who says the Azaan) and Imams.” [Rawahu Abu Ya’la Fee Musnad]
2) The one who says Azaan for Sawaab is like that martyred who is drenched in blood and when he will die insects will not come on in his body. [Rawahut Tabrani]
3) If people knew how much reward there was in Azaan then swords would be used amongst them [to say it]. (Rawahu Ahmad)
4) The duaa between Azaan and Iqamah is not rejected. [Abu Daood & Tirmizi]
How to say Azaan
5) Stand outside the mosque in a high place facing the qibla with your fingers in the hole of the ears or with hands on your ears, reciting the following words:
6) In the Azaan of Fajr, after   add
7) During azaan and iqama, turn your face to the right on   and and on   to your left.
8) Read the folloing duaa after Azaan with durood (Salah) in the beginning and in the end:
Iqamah (Takbeer):
9) Iqamah is similar to azaan with a little difference. After  say
During Iqama do not put your fingers in your ears and do not not put your hands on your ears, say the iqama with a lower voice compared to the azaan but not so low that the people there can not hear, say the words of Iqamah without pauses like in Azaan.
To stand at the beginning of Iqama is Makrooh
10) During iqama all people present, Imam and Muqtadee, should be sitting. When the Mukabbir (one who says the Iqama) reaches everybody should stand up while standing up before this is against the Sunnah. Imam Mohammed (D. 189 Hijri), student of Imam-e-Azam Abu Hanifa (Radi-Allahu anhu) & teacher of the teacher of Imam Bukhari writes in his famous book of hadith, Muta Shareef,
“When the Muazzin says it is mustahab for the people to stand for salaah, get into saf, straighten the saf, and be shoulder to shoulder. This is the fatwa (verdict) of (Imam-e-Azam) Abu Hanifa Rahmatu-llahi alaih.” [Muatta Sharif P. 68]
11) Some people would stand before during iqama. Prophet of Allah said, “Do not stand up until you see me. ” (Bukhari)
12) It is Makrooh to stand and wait at the time of iqama instead one should sit-down and stand when the muazzin says [Raddul Muhtar V. 2 P. 71 & Fatawa Alamgiri V. 1 P.57]
The Answer to Azaan and Iqama
13) When azaan is being said one should listen very attentively, answering the azaan. At that time, one is not allowed to talk, to say salaam, or to answer to a salaam. Even if some one is reading the Holy Quran they too are ordered to stop and answer the azaan.
In the Ahadith the following benefits have been mentioned
In exchange of every Kalima, Allah writes 100,000 goodnesses [in your record of deeds], upgrades you by 1,000 grades and removes 1,000 of your sins. [Ibn-e-Asakar]
14) In Tabrani it is stated for exchange of every kalima one will be upgraded by one million grades.
15) It is enough for a misfortune and misery of a mumin that when he hears the muazzin say the takbeer and does not answer it.
16) When the muazzin says azan, whoever says the same [words], when he says or
they answer , they will enter paradise [Muslim]
17) In reply to , one should say and to answer one should say
In Azaan, it is Mustahab to kiss the thumbs and the index finger upon the name of the Prophet
19) When the Muazzin says , read this durood , kiss the thumbs and put them over the eyes then say for whoever says this The Holy Prophet will be his leader in Jannah. (Raddul-Muhtar written by Khatim-ul-Muqiqeen Allama Ibn Abideen Shami Rahmatullahi alaih, V.2 P.68)
20) The Holy Prophet, “Whoever kissed the nails of both his thumbs upon hearing I am his leader and I will get him into the saf of Jannah.
21) Imam Dailmi
 this hadith of Sayedunna Abu Bakr Siddiq (Radi allahu anhu), “When Sayeduna Abu Bakr Siddique (Radhiallahu Taala Anhu) heard the muazzin say he read
and kissed the segmented part of the fingers of shahadah from the inside and placed them on his eyes. Upon this the Beloved Prophet of Allah said,”Whoever does like my friend has done, for him my intercession (Shafa’ah) well become halal. (Al-Maqasidul Hasanah by Imam Allama Shamsudeen Sakhawi Rahmatullahi alaih, Hadith 1021 Published in Labnan P. 384 and Fatawa Razaviya [Translated] V.5 P.432)
Islamic Academy

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