Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Judge according to the Revelations of God

Lesson # 629 From Holy Qur’aan

Judge according to the Revelations of God

‘Al-Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)–Stage – 2

Verses – 49 & 50 of 120, Section – 7 of 16 (Part – 6)


In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

49.  So judge between them by that which Allaah hath revealed, and follow not their desires, but beware of them lest they seduce Thee from some part of that which Allaah hath revealed unto Thee. And if they turn away, then know that Allaah’s Will is to smite them for some sin of theirs. Lo! many of mankind are evil-livers.


50.  Is it a judgment of the time of (pagan) ignorance that they are seeking? And who is better than Allaah for judgment to a people who have certainty (in their belief)?                           

49.  Wa  ‘anih-kum  baynahum-  bimaaa- ‘anzalAllaahu  wa laa  tatta-bi’  ‘ahwaaa-‘ahum  wahzar-hum  ‘any-yafti-nuuka  ‘am  ba’-zi  maaa  ‘anza-lAllaahu  ‘ilayk.  Fa-‘in  ta-wal-law  fa’-lam  ‘annamaa  yurii-dUllaahu  ‘any-yusii-bahum-  bi-ba’zi  zunuubi-him.  Wa  ‘inna  kasiiram-minan-naasi  lafaasi-quun.


50.  ‘Afa-hukmal-Jaahi-liyyati  yabguun.  Wa  man  ‘ah-sanu  minAllaahi  hukmal-li-qawminy-  yuu-qinuun.                                           




Yafti-nuuka – (they seduce you), it is from fitnah, which means “to mislead someone by seducing”. It aims that you should beware from their desires lest they mislead you towards the deviation”.


O Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him)! You are ordered that if the people of different sects (religions) bring their disputes unto you for judgment, you should not judge as per their wishes, but you should judge by that which Allaah Almighty has revealed upon you i.e. Holy Qur’aan. These people are very wicked. They will offer you a heavy amount of bribes for this purpose and flatter by various sorts, so that you judge according to their will, being seduced by them, and they may fulfill their wishes by putting the responsibility on you (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him).


In fact they offered a very heavy bribe that “If you will cause to succeed us in judgment, then we shall embrace Islam”. It is very difficult for a worldly leader to reject this offer, while his party and power can increase so much in a very short duration, which may be more than his opinion and thought. It can be only a Messenger (peace be upon Him), who takes care of justice, whether his group decreases very much.


Then it is commanded that if they turn away from you after observing that their credit is ruining, then know that their ill-luck has menaced them and shortly they would be punished for some sin of theirs.


Faasi-quun – (the evil-livers, the disobedient), it is plural of faasiq, which has been derived from fisq. Fisq means “to disobey, not to care the law, to act like immoral”. Jaahi-liyyati – it is the time, in which no religion was admitted and the people used to take it as their right to suppress the weak on the basis of their power. Actual meaning of Jaahi-liyyat is “ignorance” and it is also called “jahal”. The difference between them is that the word Jaahi-liyyat has vast meanings i.e. such a condition, in which the rule of personal desires is followed instead of any law. Such era was before Islam, so, that period is called Jaahi-liyyati – “the time of (pagan) ignorance”.


It has been described that in fact maximum people are such, who wish to dwell free from all kinds of restrictions. Their cordial desire is that there should be no any such person, who prevents them from their any kind of deed. And they have power to do as they wish. By establishing a powerful group, they keep others under their own control and obedience, so that they are addicted to pleasure and nobody may argue them. These people are actually animals in the form of mankind. They desire paternal and maternal freedom like animals, and wild law as “Might is Right”.  


Tell them, “It was then, when the human beings had forgotten the entire rules and regulations due to their wishes, and had ran far away from their reality i.e. humanity”. They know who study the history, about the condition of two biggest and famous emperors of Iran and Rome before Islam. The powerful people had suppressed the weak as the powerful were like lions and the weak were like cow, ox, sheep and goat etc. The rulers used to command their public like slaves, even that they caused to pull their carts like animals.


Allaah Almighty commands, “Ask them – Is it a judgment of the time of (pagan) ignorance that you are seeking now a day? Now there is no darkness like a night. A Light of the Religion has been revealed. The entire Laws of Divine has been described by the Messenger of Allaah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). And it is clear that there is no command of anyone acceptable by the Believers before the Command of Allaah Almighty. If those people, who are disbelievers, desire to obey someone else or their own wishes, then they will be punished by Allaah Almighty very soon due to their evil deeds and disbelief.


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif) .