Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Acting upon the Commands of Gospel

Lesson # 627 From Holy Qur’aan

Acting upon the Commands of Gospel

‘Al-Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)–Stage – 2

VerseS – 46 & 47 of 120, Section – 7 of 16 (Part – 6)


In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

46.  And We caused Jesus son of Mary, to follow in their footsteps, confirming that which was (revealed) before him in the Torah, and We bestowed on him the Gospel wherein is Guidance and a Light, confirming that which was (revealed) before it in the Torah – and a Guidance and an Admonition unto those who ward off (evil).


47.  Let the People of the Gospel judge by that which Allaah hath revealed therein. And whoso judgeth not by that which Allaah hath revealed; such are evil-livers.                              

46.  Wa  qaf-fayNaa  ‘alaaa  ‘aasaa-rihim-  bi-‘Iisabni  Maryama  Musaddiqal-limaa  bayna  yadayhi  minat-Tawraah;  wa  ‘aatayNaahul-  ‘Injiila  fiihi  Hudanw-wa  Nuurunw-wa  musaddiqal-limaa  bayna  yadayhi  minat-Tawraati  wa  Hudanw-wa  Maw-‘izatal-lil-Muttaqiin.


47.  Wal-yahkum  ‘Ahlul- ‘Injiili  bimaaa  ‘anzalAllaahu  fiih.  Wa  mallam  yah-kum-  bimaaa  ‘anzalAllaahu  fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika  humul- faasiquun.                                

18 7



Qaf-fayNaa – (We caused to follow in), it is from taqfiyah, which has been derived from qafaa. Qafaa means “the nape of the neck”. Taqfiyah means “To send another person, who follows him, who was sent earlier”. Maa  bayna  yadayhi that which was between his two hands (It is an Arabic proverb), the thing, which has come into existence earlier than any person or thing. Here it aims Torah which was revealed before Jesus (peace be upon Him) and Gospel.


It has been being described by Allaah Almighty from the very first, “We revealed the Torah and revealed in it the commands about every matter”. The Prophets (peace be upon them) and the scholars used to judge the mutual quarrels in the light of these commands. When they expired, the Children of Israel casted the commands behind and did not care. The punishment of stoning was removed totally; it was the reason that the Jews were Infidels, because they denied the command of Allaah Almighty. Although they kept the command of “retaliation” in order but left to act upon it and the powerful people began to take the retaliation in manifolds from the weak and the poor. In this regard the Jews were tyrants, that, when a person of higher class was killed by any person from lower class, then in retaliation, his two, three or more near relatives were used to slay. And if any person from a higher class used to kill any person from a lower class, he was not punished properly. Like this, the same manner was in business and money dealing, that the powerful used to receive much, more money from the weak and did not pay his right properly.


According to this verse, Jesus (peace be upon Him) came, following the footsteps of those Prophets who surrendered (unto Allaah Almighty), gave instructions to the Jews, and the same did the rabbis and the priests for they were the custodians and witnesses of Allaah’s Scripture, and He (peace be upon Him) confirmed that which was revealed before Him in the Torah. And the Gospel, which was revealed on Jesus (peace be upon Him), also confirmed that which was (revealed) before it in the Torah. However, some severe rules were softened and some things, which were unlawful in the Torah, were settled as lawful.


Acting Upon the Commands of Gospel   

 At first the Jews were told that they should act upon the commands of Torah and neither change in the acts for a little worldly gain, and nor they should hide anything from it.


The Jews refused to obey the commands in two ways: Either they removed the command from the Scripture entirely and said, “This command does not exist in the Torah”. Such people were appointed as disbelievers as per first verse of this section. Or they admitted the command but left to act upon it and changed it as they wished in accordance with their pleasure. Such people have been named as “the tyrants”.


The Commentators have written that there were two tribes of the Jews in Madinah, named; Banu Qurayzah and Banu Nazayr during the period of the revelation of these verses. Banu Nazayr were powerful, while Banu Qurayzah were weak. The order of retaliation did exist in the Torah i.e. that the punishment of any offence like murder, injury during quarrel or if somebody wounds someone else, should be given equally to all offenders, whether anyone of them belongs to higher class or lower, is powerful or weak, rich or poor. But Banu Nazayr used to get life of human or property double in the form of retaliation or money from Banu Qurayzah in the haughtiness of being powerful, and on the contrary pay them half. So they are called tyrants and cruel in the second verse.


In this verse the Christians have been addressed, “the People of the Gospel should act upon the entire commands of Gospel. It is unlawful that their scholars did not care this command of Gospel (You should be obedient heartily of Paraclete (Ahmad, Muhammad) (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and either they concealed it or began to explain it with some other meanings. Although, they had faith that Paraclete is the same person i.e. Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), the Last messenger of Allaah Almighty. Even then they rejected by tricks.


It has been described in the verse that such people, who practise deceit, are evil-livers and disobedient.


 Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif) .

Some quotes about prophet Muhammad (pbuh) mentioned by name in the old testament:
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is mentioned by name in the Song of Solomon chapter 5 verse 16:

Hikko Mamittakim we kullo Muhammadim Zehdoodeh wa Zehraee Bayna Jerusalem.”

“His mouth is most sweet: yea, he is altogether lovely. This is my beloved, and this is my friend, O daughters
of Jerusalem.”

In the Hebrew language im is added for respect. Similarely im is added after the name of Prophet Muhammad
(pbuh) to make it Muhammadim. In English translation they have even translated the name of Prophet Muhammad     (pbuh) as “altogether lovely”, but in the Old Testament in Hebrew, the name of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is yet      present.

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in the New Testament:

Al-Qur’an Chapter 61 Verse 6:

“And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said, ‘O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before me and giving glad tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmed.’ But when he came to them with clear signs, they said, ‘This is evident sorcery!’ ”

All the prophecies mentioned in the Old Testament regarding Muhammad (pbuh) besides applying to the Jews also hold good for the Christians.


John chapter 14 verse 16:
“And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you forever.”


Gospel of John chapter 15 verse 26:
“But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which
proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me.”


Gospel of John chapter 16 verse 7:
“Nevertheless I tell you the truth; it is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not
come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you”.

“Ahmed” or “Muhammad” meaning “the one who praises” or “the praised one” is almost the translation of the
Greek word Periclytos. In the Gospel of John 14:16, 15:26, and 16:7. The word ‘Comforter’ is used in the English      translation for the Greek word Paracletos which means advocate or a kind friend rather than a comforter. 
is the warped reading for Periclytos. Jesus (pbuh) actually prophesised Ahmed by name. Even the
Greek word Paraclete refers to the Prophet (pbuh) who is a mercy for all creatures.

Some Christians say that the Comforter mentioned in these prophecies refers to the Holy Sprit. They fail to realise
that the prophecy clearly says that only if Jesus (pbuh) departs will the Comforter come. The Bible states that the
Holy Spirit was already present on earth before and during the time of Jesus (pbuh), in the womb of Elizabeth, and    again when Jesus (pbuh) was being baptised, etc. Hence this prophecy refers to none other than Prophet
Muhammad (pbuh).


Gospel of John chapter 16 verse 12-14:
“I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now. Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth is
come, he will guide you unto all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he     speak: and he will shew you things to come. He shall glorify me”.
The Sprit of Truth, spoken about in this prophecy referes to none other than Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

NOTE: All quotations of the Bible are taken from the King James Version.


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