Lesson # 536 From Holy Qur’an
Jihaad and its Exciting Desire
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) – Chapter – 4)
Verses –84 & 85 of 176, Section – 11/24 (Part – 5)
|84. So fight (O Muhammad) in the Way of Allaah. Thou art not taxed (with the responsibility for anyone) except thyself – and urge on the believers. Peradventure Allaah will restrain the might of those who disbelieve. And Allaah is Stronger in might and Stronger in inflicting punishment.
85. Whoso interveneth in a good cause will have the reward thereof, and whoso interveneth in an evil cause will bear the consequence thereof. And Allaah overseeth all things.
|84. Faqaatil fii SabiiLillaah. Laa tukallafu ‘illaa nafsaka wa harrizil-Mu’-miniin. ‘AsAl-laahu ’any-yakuffa ba’-sal-laziina kafaruu. Wallaahu ‘ashaddu ba’-sanw-wa ‘ashaddu tankiilaa.
85. Many-yash-fa’ shafaa-‘atan hasanatany-yakul-lahuu nasii-bum-minhaa. Wa kaanAl-laahu ‘alaa kulli shay-‘im-Muqiitaa.
Tukallafu – it is from Takliif that means, to put any burden upon someone, to make liable for any responsibility, to compel any person to do the work, for which he will be answerable. Mu-kallafun means responsible. Here the aim from the word Laa tukallafu is ‘You will not be held responsible’.
Harrizun – this word has been derived from Tahriiz, which means ‘to lift up, to urge on, to incline for some kind of work, to raise and to emphasize’.
Tankiil – (to punish, to place in torment)
It was admonished in the earlier verses that there was no cause to fear from the fight. While everybody has to taste the death, then why should not one die like the brave men? In the verse it has been ordered to the Messenger of Allaah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), “If the Hypocrites do not be ready for fighting, then you have no concern with them. Come out yourselves, whether any person from them follows you or not. However, continue to urge them without fail. You are not taxed with the responsibility for anyone except yourself. Your only duty is to tell them. Allaah Almighty is your Supporter. It is peradventure that He will restrain your enemies being over-awed from your might, after the act of your coming out for war. Bear in mind that none can fight with Allaah Almighty. He is Stronger in inflicting punishment. Trust in Him only.
Then it is being commanded that the person, who intervenes in a good cause, he/she will have the reward thereof, and whoso intervenes in an evil cause, he/she will bear the consequence thereof. It has also been pointed out in this verse that the best method to excite the people for any work is that the individual should begin that particular work first before them.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).