LESSON # 502 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Rights of God and His Servants
Surah NISAAA’ (WOMEN) – Chapter – 4)
Verses –36 of 176, Section –6/24 (Part – 5)
|And serve Allah: and ascribe nothing as partner unto Him and (show) kindness unto parents, and unto near kindred, and orphans, and the needy, and unto the neighbor who is of kin (unto you) and the neighbor who is not of kin, and the fellow-traveler and the wayfarer and (the slaves) whom your right hands possess. Lo! Allah loveth not such as are proud and boastful-||Wa’-budullaaha wa laa tushrikuu bihii shay-‘anw-wa bill-waalidayni ‘ihsaananw-wa bizil-qurba wal-yataamaa wal-masaakiini wal- jaari- zil-qurbaa wal jaaril-junubi-wassaahibi- bil-jambi wabnis-sabiili, wa maa malakat ‘aymaanukum. ‘Innallaaha laa yuhibbu man- kaana mukh-taalan- fakhuuraa.|
After explaining the rights and duties of husband and wife, kindness and good behavior with each other, now Allah Almighty orders to serve Him, do not ascribe any partner to Him, and show kindness to each person according to his/her grade and depending on their needs. First priority to perform the duty is the rights of Allah Almighty. For this purpose, you should worship only Him. None is His partner in any matter. Do well by having hope of reward on the Day of Resurrection and believe in Allah Almighty. The persons who give their wealth to the needy being proud and boastful, they ascribe partner to Allah Almighty (because it is also a kind of polytheism).
Next to the rights of Allah Almighty, the rights of His servants come. Out of them, first grade is the rights of parents, who are responsible for the continuance of the generation. They look after and bring up their children at that time when the children would be very feeble and helpless. The parents are responsible even for their physical and mental training. Then the rights are about the near relatives and kindred. They use to help the person from time to time. Their rights should also be performed properly. Then the grade of rights comes about orphans and the poor. Orphan is helpless due to the depravity of parents and the poor is needy due to poverty. After it, the rights are about the neighbors who are of kin (unto you) and the neighbor who is not of kin have been determined. Then, there is a grade of friend and fellow. After them grade of travelers has come. Then it has been commanded to treat the slaves and maids with good behavior. At the end, Allah Almighty says, “The people who are proud and boastful (who do not consider anyone equal to them), they can’t perform these rights and Allah Almighty never likes such persons.”
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).