Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Runaway from Great Faults


Runaway from Great Faults

Surah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) – Chapter – 4)

Verses –31 of 176, Section –5/24 (Part – 5)


If ye avoid the great (things) which ye are forbidden, We will remit from you your evil deeds and make you enter at a noble gate. ‘In-  taj-tanibuu  kabaaa-‘ira  maa tun-hawna  ‘anhu  nu-kaffir  ‘ankum  sayyi-‘aatikum  wa  nud-khilkum-  Mud-khalan-kariimaa.     




taj-tanibuu(you avoid), this word’s origin is ‘ij-tinaab, which means ‘to avoid, to evade, to fly, to abstain from, to keep aloof (aversion).


kabaaa-‘ira – {(great (things)}, its singular is kabiirah. The words Kabiirah and ‘akbar etc have been derived from the same word. Kabiirah is that sin, which is great. On its contrary, little and customary mistakes are called Sagiirah (minor sins).


It was mentioned in the previous verse that the person, whoso would squander someone’s wealth in vanity and kill any other person through aggression and injustice, his punishment is Hell. In this verse, it has been induced to refrain from the sins and on holding back from the evils, Allah Almighty has promised to forgive and pardon them, and caused them to hope for the Heaven, so that after knowing it, every person would have to try to refrain from the sins.


It is order of our Lord Almighty that who will keep himself away from the great sins, as crimes relating to any person’s theft, injustice, murder or plundering, then his little sins will be forgiven.


The religious scholars have made explanation of this verse differently. Here one Hadith {Saying of Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him)}, described by ‘Abu Hurairah (may Allah Almighty be pleased with him) is being presented for correct explanation. Summary of the Hadith is ‘Messenger of Allah Almighty said, “Allah Almighty has determined sin by different parts of fornication upon the children of Adam (peace be upon him). For example, the part of eye is ‘to see’ in the act of adultery, the part of tongue is ‘to talk about the act of fornication, the part of spirit is ‘wish of adultery. Actual commission of the act of fornication depends on ‘womb and penis’ etc. If this bad act has been committed, then entire parts have fornicated i.e. the eye, the tongue and the heart etc. If it has not been committed, then all remaining helpers of the fornication act will be forgiven.


In this regard, the above-mentioned verse aims that the people, who refrain from the great sins, whether, they commit minor mistakes, which become cause of the great sins, but these people escape from the great sins, then they will not be questioned about their little sins, and they will get also reward due to not committing great sins. The reason of such reward is that they controlled their rebellious spirit and evil wishes, and they saved themselves from the grievous mistakes.



Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif).

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