LESSON # 497 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Surah NISAAA’ (WOMEN) – Chapter – 4)
Verses –32 of 176, Section –5/24 (Part – 5)
|And cover not the thing in which Allah hath made some of you excel others. Men shall have the benefit what they earn and women shall have the benefit what they earn. (Envy not one another) and ask Allah of His Bounty. Lo! Allah is ever Knower of all things.||Wa laa tatamannaw maa fazzalallaahu bihii ba’-zakum ‘alaa ba’-z. Lir-rijaali nasii-bum-mimmak-tasabuu. Wa lin-nisaaa-‘i nasiibum-mimmak-tasabn. Was-‘alullaaha min- faz-lih. ‘Innallaaha kaana bi-kulli shay-‘in ‘Aliimaa.|
If Allah Almighty bestows any person excel and superiority over you or other persons in any matter, and elevates him in it, then you should not be ambitious of that. It is likewise too as to interfere in someone’s life and wealth without grounds, which has been determined unlawful as per previous verses. Besides it, such greediness increases mutual jealousy and spite, and adversity of the Will and Wisdom of Allah Almighty manifests from it also. Allah Almighty does not like these entire subjects.
Purpose of revelation of this verse is that some women came to see the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and said, “O Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him)! What is the reason that Allah Almighty addresses the men in each matter and commands them only,, and He does not mention about the women anywhere, in addition, the men are given double from the women out of inheritance of the dead? Those women have been replied for their question in this verse that Allah Almighty has made the men excel the women due to a specific skill. Therefore, they (the women) should not envy because of this superiority of the men.
Allah Almighty commands that the portion from the inheritance has been fixed for the women as well as the men, as some persons work more, so they get remuneration more. Nothing is lessened from it. Allah Almighty has bestowed the men a particular excellence, superiority and magnificence upon the women in accord with His Knowledge. If the women envy on it, then it will be an unreasonable desire.. However, if they get more reward and prize by doing good deeds, then it will be better. The person, who wishes more Bounty of Allah Almighty, he/she should call for His Mercy by doing more and more good deeds. He/she should not be seeker of the Bounty of Allah Almighty through envy and malice. Allah Almighty has Knowledge of every thing. He Knows the right and the place of everybody very well and deals them according to their position.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).