LESSON # 445 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Clemency Of The Apostle Muhammad
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter – 3)
Verse – 159 of 200, Section –17 (Part – 4)
|It is by the Mercy of Allah that thou are lenient with them (O Muhammad), for if thou have been stern and fierce of heart they would have dispersed from round about thee. So pardon them and ask forgiveness for them and consult with them upon the conduct of affairs, so when thou art resolved, then put thy trust in Allah. Lo! Allah loveth those who put their trust (in Him).||Fa-bimaa Rahmatim-minallaahi linta lahum. Wa law kunta fazzan galiizal-qalbi lan-fazzuu min haw-lik. Fa’-fu ‘anhum wastagfir lahum wa shaawirhum fil-‘amr. Fa-‘izaa ‘azamta fata-wakkal ‘alallaah. ‘Innallaaha yuhibbul-Mutawakkiliin.|
There was a great negligence from the side of Muslims in the battle of ‘Uhud. So, perhaps Holy Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) would be angry in his heart and he would have intended that he would leave consulting with the Muslims in future. Therefore, Allah Almighty recommended the Muslims in a light style. At first, He declared that they were forgiven, because anger and grief of Holy Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) is only for Allah Almighty. Then He commanded, “It is a great blessing of Allah Almighty that he made his Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) so much civil, polite and lenient. If Holy Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) would have been stern and fierce of heart, they would have dispersed from round about him. It would not be sure that what behavior he would have adopted in the conduct of affairs. This nation might not remain assembled around him. If he (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) would have called to account severely then they could not come even near due to shame and repentance. In such a manner, they would have remained deprived from a great goodness and blessing, and the Unity of Islamic nation would have shattered.
Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) ignores their mistakes for their correction. Allah Almighty guides, “Although, Allah Almighty has forgiven them now however, you should ask me for their forgiveness for more satisfaction of their hearts. Consult with them for the conduct of necessary affairs. After consultation, when a matter is finalized and Intended solemnly then all of you should set up on it with perfect trust in Allah almighty because Allah Almighty loves those people, who put their trust in Him.
Hadrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) asked the Holy Prophet Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), “O Messenger of Allah! The matter, which we do not find in the Holy Qur’an and your traditions, which method should we adopt for that?” Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) replied, “consult with only those, who are wise and worshippers of Allah Almighty and do not follow the opinion of anyone else”. Value of mutual consultation has been disclosed from this verse and Hadith.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore and translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif.