LESSON # 272 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Divorce By Wife- Khula’
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 229b of 286, Section – 29 (Part – 2)
And if ye fear that ye may not be able to keep the limits of Allah, in that case it is no sin on either if the woman ransom herself. These are the limits (imposed by) Allah, transgress them not. And whoso transgresseth Allah’s limits, such are wrongdoers.
Fa-‘in khiftum ‘allaa yuqiimaa Huduudallaahi, falaa junaaha ’alayhimaa fiimaf-tadat bih. Tilka Huduudullaahi falaa ta’-taduuhaa. Wa many-yata-‘adda Huduudallaahi fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika humuz-zaalimuun.
Reason of revelation of this verse is that a woman came in the court of Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and requested that he was displeased from her husband. She did not want to live in her husband’s house. Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) asked about its reason. She answered, “My husband does neither neglect in performing my rights and nor I have any objection on his manners and customs. But I naturally hate him. I don’t want to see his figure. If I would not have the fear of Islam, then I wish to spit on his face”. The Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) caused to return the kindness (Maher) and divorce her.
It has been commanded by Allah Almighty in this verse to the Muslims that if they have fear that the husband and wife are displeased from one another, and they may not live together, then there is no sin for them if they become separate. The woman can set free herself from marriage paying her wealth to her husband and the husband can get back that wealth. The name of this particular form of divorce (desirous of which is the woman) is called Khula’ (kind of divorce which is a right of the woman to let free from marriage). Instructions about Khula’ are available in the books of ‘the religious laws’ in detail.
It is evident from this verse that Islam commands us in each matter for correction and betterment of our families, domestic affairs and social relations. If a man is displeased from his wife and considers it difficult to remain together with his wife then he can get freedom from her. Like this if the wife thinks that it is impossible to live in her husband’s home then she also can get freedom from her husband. Purpose of this is only correction of affairs in each form, making the marriage relations better as it may be possible somehow or other. In the last it has been warned that these are the limits and conditions (imposed by) Allah, so transgress them not because transgressing these limits is very big sin. Islam desires that the world’s society should be established on goodness and God fearing. Nobody should tyrannize or oppress any other person. These limits are called Huduudullaah.
Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)