Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Status Of A Muslim Bondwoman

LESSON # 260 FROM HOLY QUR’AN

Status Of A Muslim Bondwoman

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse – 221b    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)

 

And lo! A believing bondwoman is better than an idolatress though she please you;          

Wa  la-‘amatum-mu’-minatun  khayrum-mim-mushrikatinw-wa  law  ‘a’-jabat-kum.

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Lesson  

 

In the first part of this verse it has been told that marriage with any idolatress woman is unlawful. Now Allah Almighty commands that if any idolatress woman has all the beauties and qualities, apparently she has each type of attraction, but while she has not the light of belief then she would not have any allurement for the Muslim. Comparatively if any Muslim woman doesn’t have blessings like freedom, she is better to be wed a Muslim man.

 

There may be some reasons to like any idolatress or non-Muslim woman, for instance she may be rich, she may have a lot of wealth and property, she may be beautiful and elegant, she may be well educated, she may belong to a higher family/dynasty, she may be unraveled, she may be excellent and worthy, she may have all qualities which should be in a complete woman, but all these characteristics of an idolatress woman are valueless in front of a Believer woman still the basic principles of the life of this idolatress woman are wrong.

 

Converse to her, many reasons may be found to dislike a believing bondwoman. For example she may be ugly, poor or illiterate and maidservant/female slave. But despite all these things she is superior to the idolatress near Allah Almighty due to her belief. So it has been commanded to prefer this type of woman for wedding.

 

The life of husband becomes difficult automatically if he weds any idolatress woman. Difference of opinion and dispute in each matter, contention in domestic affairs, difference of opinion in the matter of children’s education and civilization, this type of strife affects badly not only upon the husband but there is risk to affect also upon the children. The children don’t find the straight path in front of them. The father teaches them according to his religion whereas the mother advises them some other thing.

 

However if any Muslim bondwoman is wedded then these types of difficulties and entanglements will not be faced. Because the children will remain anyhow Muslims, and being a Muslim is better than infidelity and ascribing plurality to Allah Almighty, wishing they are children of a bondwoman. Now a day still the reproach of slavery has been finished from the world due to remedies of Islam. There is no slave male or female now. So this verse strengthens only the restriction which has come in the first part of the verse about marriage with any idolatress and infidel woman.

 

When this verse revealed, at that time the slaves and bondwomen were present. At the same time it was admonished that there were some social harms also to wed any Muslim bondwoman. But those are less than the badness and intricacies which grow due to wedding a non-Muslim life partner (woman). Today also we can understand from it that Islamic thought is the best to produce married relationships and connections. It should be kept in mind about the matter of bondwomen that their children will be slaves till the time they are not the children of the master of bondwoman. The children of free woman will remain independent, desiring their father is from any kind, and it is final that now a day bondwomen and slaves are not held.     

 

 

Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

To Wed The Idolatresses

LESSON # 259 FROM HOLY QUR’AN

To Wed The Idolatresses

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse – 221a    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)

 

Wed not idolatresses till they believe.          

Wa  laa  tankihul-mushri-kaati  hattaa  yu’-minn.

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Lesson

 

‘Al-mushri-kaati – (the idolatresses) this word has been derived from shirk which means ascribing plurality to Allah Almighty, that is to say the woman who includes any other person or thing in the virtues of G0d Almighty. This word has been used in its vast and common meanings. Every infidel woman is included in this order. It is not necessary that she should be only idolatress. To wed any non-Muslim woman is unlawful according to the theologies of spiritual guides (Imam) Maalik and Shaaf-‘aii, but it is unlawful to wed each non-Muslim woman near to the scholars of Hanfii theology in accord with common rule, but it is lawful to marry any woman from Jews or Christians (because they belong to the heavenly religions). Its permission exists formally in the Divine law of the religion.

 

God Almighty has forbidden the Muslims to marry the idolatresses in this verse. Further explanation of this order is as under:-

 

  1. To wed any disciple of a worshipper of fire (woman of the sect of Magi), Sikh and Hindu women is not right.

 

  1.  It is lawful to marry any woman from Jews or Christians (because they belong to the heavenly religions) but not better. Hadrat Umar (may Allah be pleased upon him) has disliked it. Instigation and stress exists also in the Sayings of the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) to marry any religious woman only.

 

  1. The woman who seems as she belongs to the heavenly religion from her style, but if it is known through investigation afterwards that her Faith is not of the people who belong to the heavenly religions, then it is not just to wed her too.

 

In short it is not lawful to marry any that woman who is not Believer. Islam has not banned in the chain of marriage with any race, colour or caste etc, but restricted for the Believer and correct Faith only. The basic reason of it is that the relationship of husband and wife is perfect love and friendship. Deep relation is necessary between both of them. It is compulsory for the accomplishment of husband and wife successfully for life that the wife should not be denier of the universal laws of her husband namely Oneness of God and Belief in the last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). If this relation doesn’t exist between them then it is quite impossible to pass their lives successfully in each aspect, and the bigger badness than it affects the education, religion and future of their children. Their father pulls them toward himself and the mother toward herself. The result is clear.

 

The husband will decide the matters of his domestic life in the light of this faith. The wife will think according to her own faith. The quarrel and vigorous contradiction will remain always between them. It will affect badly their children and their future will ruin. So it is ordered that ‘Wed not idolatresses till they believe” to escape yourselves from the results of too much destruction. This restriction also exists in the Jews and the Christians religiously. However it is another thing if they don’t act upon it.  

 

 

Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)