LESSON # 266 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Use Of Wrong Oaths
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 224 of 286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)
And make not Allah, by your oaths, a hindrance to your being righteous and observing your duty unto Him and making peace among mankind. And Allah is Hearer, Knower.
Wa laa taj-‘alullaaha ‘urzatal-li-‘ay-maanikum ‘an-tabarruu wa tattaquu wa tus-lihuu bay-nan-naas. Wallaahu Samii-‘un ‘Aliim.
‘Urzatan – (aim), this word is also used for hindrance and shield/target. Here it means hindrance only.
Samii-‘un – (Hearer), God Almighty Hears all the talks of human being as well as each creature. So the mankind should think before speak every matter.
‘Aliimun – (Knower), Allah Almighty Knows better the states and conditions of the human. So he should keep purity and sincerity in his intention each time.
Tabarruu – (treat with kind), this word has been derived from the word Barr, which means goodness.
Whenever the persons used to displease upon any other, they used to make God Almighty, by their oaths that they would neither go toward him nor speak with him and nor try to make a truce between them with whom he has quarreled, even that if the displeasures had been between the near relatives, and then these oaths used to become pretence for leaving many good deeds. At the very time if any body used to say, “Why did you leave to do these acts?” then they used to feign that they had made the oath for this action.
Even it was also worse to leave the good actions, what it had become bad that using the name of Allah Almighty, the Great they used to grow the situation of escaping from the good deeds. This verse is signifying towards this matter and it is being ordered that “don’t do so in future and if any body has sworn already then it is sufficient to break that oath and expiate. The scholars have also disliked often swearing in abundance and without any necessity, because due to this reason the name of Allah Almighty is devalued, and it is also not good to call the name of God Almighty for the bad deeds.
Allah Almighty is Great, Glorious and Owner of the entire universe. His Name has also Grandeur and Grace. It is very bad to make witness so much High and Excelled Name upon the bad deeds. Then it is worst to use His name for defense for not doing the good acts. Allah Almighty doesn’t prevent from good actions, so this excuse is quite meaningless. The name of God Almighty should never be used for oath for the likewise deeds, and if any person has already sworn erroneously then he should break it and expiate.
Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)