Lessons from Holy Qur'an

According To Usage & Kindness – Retaliation Of The Murder


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

According To Usage & Kindness –

Retaliation Of The Murder

Verse –178b  of 286, Section – 22 (Part One-Fourth of 2)


And for him who is forgiven somewhat by his the (victims heir’s injured) brother, prosecution according to usage and payment unto him in kindness. This is an alleviation and a mercy from your Lord, He who transgresseth after this will have a painful doom.


Faman ‘ufi-ya  lahuu  min  ‘akhiihi  shay-‘un-  fattibaa-‘um-bil-ma’-ruufi  wa  ‘adaaa-‘un  ‘ilayhi  bi-‘ihsaan.  Zaalika  takhfiifum-mir-Rabbikum  wa  rahmah.  Fama-ni’-tadaa ba’-da zaalika  fala-huu  ’azaabun  ‘aliim. 





Min  ‘akhiihi – (by his brother) it signifies towards the heir of the murdered. To excite the feeling of love he has been addressed with the word ‘brother’.


Ittibaa-‘um-bil-ma’-ruufi – (prosecution according to usage) its purpose is that if the heirs of the murdered forgive the retaliation of the murder, and agree to take the price of blood then it is the responsibility of the murderer to pay according to usage full reasonable payment with kindness, mercy and righteousness.


We have discussed in the previous lesson that which principle of the natural equation between the entire human beings has been fixed by the God Almighty that is “murder is in retaliation to the murder”. Now it is being commanded that the heirs of the murdered can forgive to the killer or they can give up after getting the blood money from the killer or they can also lessen some of the price of blood. The killer can escape from the punishment of ‘to be killed’ in these conditions.


Then it is ordered that if the heirs of the murdered agree to forgive the murderer and take the blood money then they should not demand too much heavy amount which would be out of the reach of the killer. They should not narrow him intentionally coming into anger or they should not begin to demand the entire blood money after forgiving the price of blood. Moreover they should receive proper and reasonable amount according to usage.


After urging the heirs of the murdered now the killer is being emphasized that he should also remit this amount very elegantly and beautifully. He should not try to prolong purposely, to grow intricacy or displeasure. The God Almighty has imposed perfect physical punishment of murder to the killer along with this method of reduction in punishment. Allah Almighty is the Merciful upon the mankind. With His Kindness He has reduced the punishment but if even then any person opposes or disobeys these laws and steps out of these limitations then The God Almighty will punish him painful.



Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif) (http://hltsharif.blogspot.com) (muhammadsharif276@gmail.com