LESSON # 142 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Summary Of Lessons From Part – 1
Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds that we have completed First Part of the Holy Qu’an lesson by lesson with the Mercy and Favors of God Almighty. Now we are going to discuss the summary of all its lessons so that comprehension of the Holy Qur’an may be understood in a few words.
It was stated in the introduction of Surah Baqarah (The Cow) that topic of this Surah is to teach the Muslims which may produce sound character and behavior into them after this learning. Following their religion and morality they may get utmost success and victory of this world and Hereinafter. It was necessary to teach them about pure religion and code of good morality that difference between religions, customs and beliefs be effaced of all the nations and religious sects which are populated in the world, their weaknesses be disclosed and they be taught about the Straight Path.
At first it has been explained about the necessity of inspiration and revelation in the First Part of Holy Qur’an and stated that this Scripture is a revealed Holy Book. The person who will embrace Its teachings and obey its orders, will find the Straight Path and will succeed.
Then it was told that three types of the people will grow in reply to the Holy Qur’an:
- Those persons who will accept the teachings of Holy Qur’an and will be bound on its orders/instructions. They will get each type of success.
- Those, who will strictly oppose it and will keep enmity with its Believers, these Infidels will be entitled to heavy agony and anguish.
- Those people who will belong to above both groups, Muslim in the Muslims and Infidel in the Infidels. They will get painful agony.
Then after advising the Infidels and the Hypocrites their attention is drawn towards the Law of Allah Almighty and have been told that only those persons criticize the Revelation who have three types of diseases into them:
- Weak faith
- Feeble nature
- Mean wisdom
Then it is told that the religion is filled in the nature of mankind. So it is the compulsion of the human being to bow in front of the revelation of God Almighty. Accordingly when the Prophet Adam (peace be upon Him) was appointed as Caliph and then was sent on the earth, He (peace be upon Him) remained confused. God Almighty revealed on Him some Words, which became cause of satisfaction of His heart (peace be upon Him).
After then it was enlightened on the necessity of the Holy Qur’an. In this subject three defects of the Jews were narrated:
And they were informed that they had involved in evildoings and misdeeds, so the Sovereignty was snatched from them. After this, it has been stated that they can not do the work of invitation and command to be mingled with the Muslims too. Under this subject, wrong beliefs and false-loving of their people, scholars and rich men have been mentioned.
Then it has been explained that the children of Israel are not able to become gentle public of the Muslims. So the Muslims have been told to discontinue their relations with them.
After that, memory of the prayer of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him), construction of Khana Ka’-ba (the Temple of Makkah), Divine Mission of the last Messenger of God Almighty (Muhammad), His (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) morality, good manners, courtesy and Muslim Ummah (nation) has been explained.
Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif) (http://hltsharif.blogspot.com) (firstname.lastname@example.org)