Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Prophet Abraham Enjoined To His Sons


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Prophet Abraham Enjoined To His Sons

(peace be upon Them)


Verse –131 & 132 of 286, Section – 16


131.  When his Lord said unto him: Surrender! He said: I have surrendered to the Lord of the Worlds.


132.  And the same did Abraham enjoin upon his sons, and also Jacob, (saying): O my sons! Lo! Allah hath chosen for you the (true) religion, therefore die not save as men who have surrendered (unto Him).      

131.  ‘Iz qaala lahuu Rabbu-huuu ‘aslim, qaala ‘aslamtu li-Rabbil- ‘Aalamiin.


132.  Wa wassaa bihaaa  ‘Ibraahiimu  baniihi wa Ya’-quub. Yaa-baniyya  ‘innallaahas-tafaa  lakumud-Diina falaa tamuu-tunna  ‘illaa wa  ‘antum-Muslimuun.




‘Aslim – (Surrender, be obedient) other meanings are ‘Embrace Islam’, that is to say, “Give yourself completely in the charge of One God Almighty”. Accept His entire orders and consider your duty to obey His all the Orders in each matter of your life. Islam is also derived from this word, which has basic meanings ‘to provide peace, to wish well-being and safety, to yield”. 


Ya’-quub – (the Prophet Jacob (peace be upon Him) He was grandson of the Prophet Abraham and son of the Prophet Isaac (peace be upon Them). His surname was the Israel. So His (peace be upon Him) children were named as the children of Israel.


As-tafaa – (has chosen) astafa means to choose, to purify from the adulteration. The word Mus-tafaa has also come out from it, which means ‘chosen, respectable and selected’.


All the people of the Scripture and the Idolaters of Makkah used to claim that they embrace the religion of their Ancestors. They shall remain on it forever. And they shall never embrace any fresh religion. The Holy Qur’an told these people mentioning about The Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) that the Ancestors to whom you believe and of which the religion you claim to follow, They have already instructed their followers/race to follow the religion to which They were following Themselves, that is the religion of the Oneness of God and Islamic nation. So if you admit Them as your religious leaders then know! that Their real religion was the religion to which Holy Qur’an is inviting you. Now you should believe it. Prophet Abraham and Prophet Jacob (peace be upon Them) have advised their children to die obeying Allah Almighty. Time of the death is uncertain. That’s why it means, “remain Muslims always and give place to the Faith in your hearts each time”. 



Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif) (http://hltsharif.blogspot.com) (muhammadsharif276@gmail.com