Lessons from Holy Qur'an

The Scripture And The Criterion






The Scripture And The Criterion

Verse –53 of 286, Section – 6

And when We gave unto Moses the Scripture and the Criterion (of right

and wrong) that ye might be led aright.     

Wa ‘iz ‘aataynaa Muusal- Kitaaba  wal-Furqaana  la-‘al-lakum  tahtaduun.


Al-Furqaan – the Orders, Commands or Mandates which separate, disunite or disjoin. This word is derived from the word faraqa to divide or distinguish; the Holy Books (as distinguished or separating truth from falsehood). The Commentators of the Religion have different sayings about Furqaan:


  • Those Miracles which were bestowed to the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) from the God, the Most High.


  • The victory and overcoming which was resulted against the Army of Pharaoh to the children of Israel.


  • The Jews intend also from this word, the verbal preaching which was revealed upon the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) besides Torah.


  • Al-Furqaan is the name of Holy Qur’aan also and other Heavenly Books are called Furqaan too because these Orders differentiate between the Right and Wrong.


In this verse al-Furqaan intends towards the Orders and Commands due to which true and false, right and wrong, and goodness and evil may be separated from each other and there may not remain any accommodation for doubt and suspicion.


When the repentance of the children of Israel was approved, the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) went again to the Mount Sinai (Koh –i – Toor) and brought a lot of Orders from the God Almighty which were written on the tablets. Collection of those Orders is called Torah.


God Almighty is reminding the children of Israel His Favors in this verse. He commands them, “You disobeyed My Orders. You started worshipping the Calf but I forgave you with My kindness. Then I bestowed My Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) a Book which had complete Divine’s Law and a Guide (Torah) so that you may pass your lives according to its instructions. With the help of that book you might distinguish between just and absurd, lawful and unlawful, good and bad.”


It is known from this verse that the Holy Book revealed from the God Almighty and the balance between just and absurd is a great blessing for the human being. The guidance may only be gotten from it and only those persons are successful who act upon the Holy Book of God Almighty, and take guidance for balance between true and false. It is necessary for us that we should correct our words and deeds in the light of Holy Qur’aan and Sayings of the last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him), grow virtue of distinguishing between true and false and don’t recognize equal good and bad. We should keep every time distinction between lawful and unlawful in front of us.  



Transliteration in Roman Script, English Translation by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif Fauji) (http://hltsharif.blogspot.com