LESSON # 51 HOLY QUR’AAN
BAQARAH – 2
Adam In The Garden And Prohibited Tree
Verse – 35 of 286, section -4
And We said: O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden, and eat ye, freely (of the fruits) thereof where ye will; but come not nigh
this tree lest ye become wrongdoers.
Wa qulnaa yaaa-‘Aada-mus-kun ‘anta wa zaw-jukal-Jannata wa kulaaminhaa ragadan hay-su shi’-tumaa; wa laa taqrabaa haazihish-shajarata fata-kuunaa minaz-zaalimiin.
Jannata – literal significance of this word is the garden whose close trees cover the earth. In the phrase of Divine precepts of Religion its significance is that splendid Garden in which there are uncounted blessings and which will be conferred to the persons of good disposition. That Garden is called Jannah also because that is hidden from our sights too.
zaw-juka – (Your wife) Eve (the wife of Adam (peace be upon Him) who was already created before this discussion. She is the Mother all of us.
Hay-su shi’-tumaa – (Where ye will) (from where you wish to eat) this word exposes the width and greatness of the Paradise.
God Almighty created the Adam in accord with His own Will and made him the viceroy of His Own on the earth. Then to clear his position Allah Almighty ordered the Angels to prostrate towards the Adam (peace be upon him) so that anyone may not have courage to rebel or disobey Him. The Angels admitted the greatness of the Adam and bowed towards Him.
After the Caliphate of Adam (Peace be upon Him) Allah Almighty gave them (Adam and His wife) chance to live in the Paradise, eat and drink what they wish.
About the Eve Commentators of Islam narrated that the Adam was alone in the Paradise. He was tired of aloneness. So God created the Eve and commanded both to live in the Paradise.
It is evident that God Almighty gave the Adam how many rewards and ranks, at first He was given knowledge, then He became Caliph of God, then he was presented a life partner (wife) for comfort and pleasure, then He was placed in Paradise and bestowed uncounted blessings for eating and drinking. Allah Almighty bestows presents to His servants always. Now it is the duty of His servants to thank God and know the respect of these favours.
Laa taqrabaa – come not nigh (near). Actual significance of this order was that the Adam should not eat the fruit of that particular tree.
Haazihish-shajarata – ‘this tree’ was a tree out of the trees of Paradise and the Adam was acquainted about that tree. In the Holy Qur’aan there is no explanation about it however the commentators of the religion have different views about that particular tree. Some of them say that it was the tree of grapes and some say that it was plant of wheat; some have view as dates and fig. In the Sayings of the Messenger of God (Peace and blessings on Him) it has not been explained.
Minaz-zaalimiin – (out of wrongdoers) it is the significance of those people who oppress themselves. Disobeying the orders of God is the oppression over oneself. Now it is clear that at that time means of the Paradise was not as the reward of good deeds as now it has. But at that time there were Divine’s laws. Some orders were to obey them and some deeds were to be prevented to do them.
It is the lesson for us that the person who does the works of doubts and suspicions him endangers himself intensively for wrong deeds. So the God Almighty prevented the Adam (peace be upon Him) to go near that prohibited tree so that neither they will go nigh the tree and nor they will wish to eat it. We should also abstain from the doubtful and suspicious things. It should also be remembered that the person who disobeys the orders of God Almighty he actually loses his own. He creates mischief for himself in this world as well as the next world i.e. Doomsday.
Transliteration in Roman Script, English Translation by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif Fauji)