Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Similes of Holy Qur’aan and Their Affects


LESSON # 42 HOLY QUR’AAN

BAQARAH – 2

Similes of Holy Qur’aan and Their Affects  

Verse – 26 of 286, section -3

Lo! Allah disdaineth not to coin the   similitude of a gnat or even anything above that. Those who believe know that   it is the truth from their Lord; and those who disbelieve say: What doth   Allah wish (to teach) by such a similitude? He misleadeth many thereby, and   He guideth many thereby. And He misleadeth thereby only miscreants.  

 ‘Innallaaha laa yastah-yiii ‘any-yazriba   masalam-maa ba-‘uuzatan- famaa fawqahaa. Fa-‘ammallaziina ‘aamanuu   fa-ya’-lamuuna ‘annahul-Haqqu mir-Rabbihim. Wa ‘ammal-laziina kafaruu   fayaquuluuna maazaaa’araadallaahu bihaa-zaa masa-laa. Yuzillu bihii kasiiranw-,   wayahdii bihii kasiiraa. Wa maa yu-zillu bihiii ‘illal-Faasi-qiin.

Lesson

Fawqahaa – (Above that). More lean and ignoble   thing than above.

       In the previous verses disbelievers were   invited to prove the truth of Holy Qur’aan that if they consider it is not   the Speech of God, they produce the speech like this. But they could neither   reply till to-date and nor they will till the Day of Resurrection. In this   condition of helplessness they could not do anything. However they tried to   find out and said that how is it an extraordinary that The God having too   much high position and greatness gives similitude of so contemptible and lean   things?

       It is true that in the Holy Qur’aan bigger   creatures are also mentioned on different places along with the smaller,   animals like on one side the elephants, camels and horses etc and on the   other hand ant, fly and mosquito etc. To make the people understand the God   has discussed similes of these animals. As somewhere He says that idols of   infidels are too weak and helpless to create a fly. But when a fly or   mosquito sits on their faces they can not let it fly. Somewhere He says that   religion of Infidels is weak like spider’s web. Hearing these like similes   some Infidels began to say that God of Muslims speaks so strange (we seek refuge in Allah) that He does not hesitate to give   instances of so small things. God replied on their criticism in this verse.

Simile means the thing for which example is given, be impressed   upon mind by explaining widely and illuminating. Now that simile will be the   best which fulfills this intention, wishing that thing is much customary or small   itself. Mosquito is a too much ignoble and unimportant creature. Now where   there is need to explain unreality of idols or any other creature, there will   be appropriate example of mosquito. Criticizing against it is a folly and   immaturity.

Summary of above verse is that Allah Almighty does not hesitate   to give example of mosquito or smaller thing than it. Because purpose to give   example is to explain anything. The example will be given like something is.   There is nothing to hesitate or take bad with it.

The Believers take this example as true and proper explainer and   consider it right from the God. But Infidels laugh at these examples and taunt   critically that what Allah Almighty means by giving these types of examples?

The Believers have faith on being worshipped of God Almighty and   Truth of Hadrat Muhammad (Peace be upon Him). They consider it their first duty   to admit the orders of God Almighty and His Prophet (Peace be upon Him)) and   to act on them. Therefore, if God Almighty explains any simile, they try to   understand its true meanings. They do not care that the similitude is of what   sort itself? Is it customary or have some importance? Is there an explanation   of either any superior or inferior thing. Though they think about its true   meaning and learn from it.

The Infidels refuse God Almighty and His Prophet (Peace be upon   Him). They do not have any interest to find the Right. They just keep   watching the secrets in the verses or to find out faults. So whenever Allah   Almighty explains simile for their consideration in spite of trying to   understand its true meanings, they begin to raise unreasonable questions on   it.

From this verse we have learnt that the Believers and the people   who have good moral character are those who think about the similitude   explained by Allah Almighty. They try to understand and do not use crooked   arguments in it.

Faasi-qiin – (Miscreants). According to the Divine’s Law who gets out from   the obedience of God, disobeys and indulges in sins.

 There are many ways to   reach the destination in the world but out of these all there is only one way   which can be straight. Allah Almighty gave wisdom and granted sense to the   mankind. Not only this, although He sent messages through Prophets and   Messengers (Peace be upon Then) for guidance. After this the mankind is empowered   to choose a way which he wants. Now if a person, getting advantage of freedom   chooses a wrong way then he falls in evil. And when he adopts evil at his own   then other accessories of that way are provided. As putting hand into the fire   gets burnt like this when a person adopts a wrong path then evils and harms   increase gradually.

According to this verse due to similes of Allah Almighty some   people go astray because of their reasoning absurdly and arguments. They do   not think about purpose of these examples, although they waste their powers   of thinking on criticizing against it. Immoral means miscreants, who run   behind their evil desires and do not listen to any talk easily which may prevent   them from their bad habits.

At the end of the verse God Almighty explains it more clearly   that this astray comes to them who want to go astray. Allah Almighty does not   attach astray upon anyone, although his heart leaves out due to his disobedience   knowingly and repeatedly. Search for the truth and demand of the Right do not   remain. Absurd and lie attach with heart. Though astray is the result of disobedience   and evil.

                 

Transliteration   in Roman Script, English Translation by Marmaduke Pickthall (Holy Qur’aan   published by Paak Company, Urdu Bazar Lahore and Paraphrase collected from   Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore, translated By   Muhammad Sharif Fauji

 

 

                                                                                                                                                    

 

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