LESSON # 28 HOLY QUR’AAN
BAQARAH – 2
Ailment of the Hypocrites
Verse – 10 of 286, section -2
In their hearts is a disease, and
Allah Increaseth their disease.
A painful doom is theirs
because they lie.
Fii quluubihim-marazun, fazaada-humullaahu marazaa Wa lahum ‘azaabun ‘aliimum, bimaa kaanu yakzibuun
Marazun – Disease. There are two kinds of diseases, bodily and spiritual. The bodily disease produces fault, defect or pain in the body. Spiritual disease enrages the manners and the spirit gets ailment. Here it is the talk about spiritual diseases of infidelity and hypocrisy which stop the human being from doing good deeds and preparing for the next life (after death). Here meanings of diseases are ailments of the spirit which prevents to achieve the excellences. For instance ignorance, jealousy, ill-will, love of property & wealth and telling a lie etc.
Fa – (So) this particle indicates towards the talk about result and fruit of above mentioned diseases.
Zaada – (Increased) means God increased their jealousy giving more victories and promotions to the Messenger (peace be upon Him) and the Muslims. The disease of enmity with Islam and jealousy with Muslims increased more in their hearts.
‘Azaabun ‘aliim – (Painful Doom/agony). They will be punished with a painful agony on the doomsday.
Yakzibuun – (They tell a lie).
In this verse the manners of Hypocrites are being enlightened more. They have ailment of infidelity and hypocrisy in their hearts which they have grown themselves. As the Muslims get promotions and victories, jealousy and ill-will increases in their hearts.
fazaada-humullaahu marazaa – (so Allah Increaseth their disease). It doesn’t mean that God Almighty has increased their infidelity and hypocrisy Himself, but it means that due to the result of their infidelity and hypocrisy Allah Almighty has increased their ailment. Due to their this manner the circumstances so changed, from which they took increase in their disease. Although if they had to use their sense just, they had to get guidance from these circumstances. As, the result of disease lessens the bodily strength, like this the result of spiritual disease will be in the shape of Painful Agony on the Doomsday.
Transliteration in Roman Script, English Translation by Marmaduke Pickthall and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore & translated By Muhammad Sharif Fauji